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The Legal / Illegal list A to C

The following is a list of foods that are allowed (legal) and foods that are not allowed (illegal) while following the Specific Carbohydrate Diet™, as outlined in the book,
Breaking the Vicious Cycle
by Elaine Gottschall. The SCD™ is a progressive diet and the introduction of many of these foods should be delayed until healing has taken place, please read the book "Breaking the Vicious Cycle" for further information.

Some general guidelines are, no grains (i.e. rice, wheat, corn, oats, etc.), no processed foods, no starchy vegetables (i.e. potatoes, yams, etc.), no canned vegetables of any kind, no flour, no sugar, no sweeteners other than honey and saccharin, and no milk products except for homemade yogurt fermented for 24 hours, prepared according to the instructions in the book.

List compiled by Kim Hesche

Click on the letters below for other sections of the list.


Food
Legal / Illegal
Note
Acacia Illegal This soluble fiber is gum acacia. Gums are starches. Starches are not SCD legal.
Ašai See note See Ašai
Agar-agar Illegal  
Agave syrup Illegal  
Alfalfa Illegal Alfalfa is not legal. It contains starch.
Algae Illegal We do not use algae (Spirulina) because IBD involves the immune system and algae can aggravate an already disturbed immune system.
Allspice Legal As long as you're just using Allspice as a cooking spice, it's legal. Don't use the oil, see Allspice
Almond butter Legal Almond butter with no sugar added is allowed.
Almond milk Legal May be tried after being on the diet for 6 months. Almond milk is legal if you make your own. Commercial almond milk is not legal.
Almond oil Legal  
Almonds Legal Nuts sold in mixtures are not allowed, as most are roasted with a starch coating. Nuts should only be used as nut flour, in recipes, until diarrhea has subsided.
Aloe Vera Illegal It contains mucilaginous polysaccharides as well as increasing the release of tumor necrosis factor which is associated with IBD inflammation and increased immune stimulation.
Amaranth flour Illegal Amaranth is a grain substitute, contains starches and so is not allowed.
Anchovies Legal  
Annatto Legal It is OK to use while on SCD, but some people choose to purchase dairy products without it. It might provoke an allergic reaction in some people.
Apple Cider Legal It is brown and not clear as apple juice is. It should be just straight pressed apples. It is usually pasteurized in order to kill bacteria. Cider should be diluted with water before drinking.
Apple Cider Vinegar See Note Only legal WITHOUT "The Mother" in it, it must be filtered! "The Mother" looks like a "cob-web" like stringy structure with tentacles that either floats or settles at the bottom of the bottle. In general this is what turns alcohol into vinegar. Elaine did not want us consuming this as it can feed bad yeasts. The company Spectrum has a legal filtered one. IE. Braggs ACV is illegal as it contains "The Mother". It is possible to strain "The Mother" out yourself by using a very fine sieve.
Apple Juice Illegal Apple juice usually has sugar added during processing. Apple cider is allowed. It should be brown and not clear as apple juice is. Cider should be diluted with water before drinking.
Apples Legal  
Apricots Legal  
Aragula Legal  
Arrowroot Illegal It is a mucilaginous herb. Mucilaginous herbs are loaded with starch. This starch is food for the pathogens that the SCD™ is designed to starve out.
Artichokes (French) Legal They are the green artichokes that you steam, then dip the leaves in lemon butter and scrape off with your teeth. They have edible hearts and an inedible choke. See,
http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/extension/specialty/globe.html for a picture.
Artichokes (Jerusalem) Illegal They are actually a tuber, and are not legal. See,
http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/extension/specialty/jerusale.html for a picture.
Ascorbic acid Legal Should be nothing but Vitamin C.
Asiago cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
Asparagus Legal Fresh or frozen is allowed. Canned vegetables are not allowed.
Aspartame Legal When symptom free, one aspartame sweetened soft drink per week is allowed - Elaine. But see Aspartame
Aspartic acid Legal  
Astragalus Illegal contains polysaccharides
Avocadoes Legal  
Avocado oil Legal Good for mayonaise and salad dressings but might not withstand heat very well
Bacon Legal Smoked bacon that has been fried very crisply is allowed once per week. There are sugar-free bacons available and if you are able to find a source of sugar-free bacon, you do not have to limit your consumption to once per week. Usually the low sodium varieties do not contain sugar but check the labels carefully.
Baker's yeast Illegal Saccharamyces cerevisae is baker's yeast and is illegal.
Baking powder Illegal Has starch as an ingredient, (usually corn starch) and other illegals to make it rise better.
Baking soda Legal  
Balsamic vinegar Illegal It's not that balsamic vinegar is illegal, it's that what you can get in the store isn't really balsamic vinegar and most have sugar added to them so Elaine doesn't allow it. You can make your own legal substitute though see scdrecipe
Bananas Legal They must be ripe with black spots on the skin.
Bark tea Illegal Bark tea (Pau d'Arco) contains steroidal saponins and is both an immune booster and a laxative.
Barley Illegal  
Basil Legal  
Bay Leaf Legal  
Bean flour See Note Do not use ready made flours made from beans or lentils as they probably weren't soaked prior to grinding to bean flour -
Bean sprouts Illegal  
Bee Pollen Illegal Pollen is irritating to a damaged gut. Clear, pure, pasteurized honey is okay. Cloudy honey (still containing the pollen) should be avoided. - Sheila
Beef Legal Fresh and frozen are allowed as long as nothing has been added during processing; check the labels carefully.
Beer Illegal  
Beet Sugar Illegal  
Beets Legal  
Berries Legal Berries of all kinds are legal.
Bhindi Illegal No okra (bhindi) or drumsticks, since they are a mucilaginous food, they are illegal.
Bitter Gourd Illegal  
Black beans Legal May be tried when symptom free. This is a very advanced food and caution is advised.. Dried legumes must be prepared according to the instructions in the book, Breaking the Vicious Cycle.'
Black eye beans Illegal  
Black radish Legal It is very fibrous, so go slowly and be careful.
Blue cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
Bok Choy Legal Bok Choy is much like cabbage and is legal but you should not use a member of the cabbage family until you are well on your way to getting better. In other words, do not use if you still have diarrhea and gas.
Bologna Illegal  
Bouillon cubes Illegal Bouillon cubes and instant soup bases are not permitted.
Bourbon Legal Only have it occasionally.
Brandy Illegal  
Brazil nuts Legal Nuts sold in mixtures are not allowed, as most are roasted with a starch coating.
Brick cheese Legal May be used freely.
Brie cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
Broccoli Legal  
Brussell sprouts Legal  
Buckwheat Illegal  
Bulgur Illegal  
Burdock root Illegal It contains inulin (FOS) and mucilage.
Butter Legal  
Butter beans Illegal  
Buttermilk Illegal  
Cabbage Legal You should not use a member of the cabbage family until you are well on your way to getting better. In other words, do not use if you still have diarrhea and gas.
Camembert cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
Cane Sugar Illegal  
Canellini beans Illegal  
Canned fish Legal Canned in oil or water is acceptable but check the labels carefully. Do not buy products containing "broth". Usually, the low sodium varieties do not contain "broth".
Canned fruits See note Fruits canned in their own juice are allowed.
Canned vegetables Illegal There are no canned vegetables permitted, they must either be fresh or frozen.
Canola oil Legal Legal, but not recommended.
Cantaloupe Legal  
Capers Legal  
Carob Illegal  
Carrageenan Illegal Carrageenan is seaweed and high in polysaccharides, therefore illegal.
Carrots Legal  
Casaba melon Legal  
Cashews Legal Nuts sold in mixtures are not allowed, as most are roasted with a starch coating.
Cat's Claw See note See Cat's Claw
Cauliflower Legal Cauliflower is sometimes hard to digest and should be tried cautiously after some progress has been made on the diet.
Celeriac /celery root Legal However, you should go slow and be careful. It is very fibrous, even if it doesn't seem so when you steam it and mash it.
Celery Legal  
Cellulose (in supplements) Legal Cellulose in your supplements is okay and virtually impossible to avoid.
Cellulose Gum Illegal  
Cereals Illegal However for a hot cereal see SCDrecipe Hot cereal
Chamomile See note See Chamomile
Chard Legal

Chard (red, green, rainbow and swiss). Chard is similar to spinach/celery so it is legal. It also reminds me a bit of the cabbage family so use with caution if gas is still a problem
- Elaine

Chayote Legal  
Cheddar cheese Legal May be used freely.
Cheese See Note If a cheese is not a processed cheese (manufactured) but is a cheese that has had a bacterial culture involved with its production and is aged at least 30 days. Elaine says its OK.
Cherimoya Legal Also known as custard apple or sharifa.
Cherries Legal  
Chestnut flour Illegal  
Chestnuts Legal May be tried when symptom free. However, if you buy dried chestnuts, soak them and cook them until soft.
Chevre Illegal Chevre is illegal, but you can make a close approximation by dripping goat milk yogurt. Directions can be found at http://uclbs.org/recipes/dairy/suegoatcheese.php
Chewing gum Illegal Contains things like aspartame, maple or date sugar and other sugar substitutes which are illegal.
Chia seeds Illegal Like flax seeds, they are mucilaginous (polysaccharide complex) and will feed harmful microbes.
Chickory root Illegal Chickory root is not legal. In my first book, I suggested that it might be used instead of coffee beans. I have since learned that it contains large amounts of fructooligosaccharides.
- Elaine
Chick peas Illegal  
Chlorella Illegal It is a blue-green algae similar to spirulina
Chocolate Illegal Dr. Haas advised not to use cocoa or chocolate and this still goes, it isn't just the sugar he was worried about.
Cilantro Legal  
Cinnamon Legal  
Citric Acid Legal Citric acid as an additive is OK
Club soda Legal  
Cocao butter Legal Unprocessed cocoa butter is legal.
Cocoa powder Illegal Dr. Haas advised not to use cocoa or chocolate and this still goes, it isn't just the sugar he was worried about.
Coconut Legal Fresh or unsweetened, shredded coconut and coconut flour are all legal.
Coconut milk Legal May be tried after being on the diet for 6 months.
Coconut oil Legal Withstands heat well, good for frying/cooking,
Coffee Legal Coffee should be made very weak. Instant coffee is not allowed.
Coffee (instant) Illegal  
Collard greens Legal Of the cabbage family, introduce late in the diet
Colby cheese Legal May be used freely.
Cordials Illegal  
Corn Illegal  
Corn oil Legal  
Corn syrup Illegal  
Cornstarch Illegal  
Courgette Legal Also known as zucchini
Cranberry juice Legal We use Knudsen’s Just Cranberry juice, as it has been checked out and does not have sugar added. It can be found in most health food stores. Juice should be diluted with water before drinking. Since this is pure cranberry juice it is very tart, you may sweeten it with saccharine or honey or dilute it with legal apple cider instead of water.
Cream Illegal It is illegal as it contains lactose. Cream can be added to milk and then fermented to make SCD™24hr yoghurt as the lactsose will be used up in the fermentation. Cream has less lactose than milk and the more fat it contains the less lactose it has.
Cottage cheese Illegal  
Cream of Tartar Illegal  
Cream cheese Illegal  
Croscomellose sodium Illegal  
Cucumbers Legal  
Custard apple Legal Also known as sharifa or cherimoya
Cyclamate Legal It is actually a better alternative than saccharine, if you can get it, because it has no aftertaste. But it's almost impossible to find by itself, and certainly not available in NA.

Click on the letters below for other sections of the list.